Irsko se znovu rozhoduje

Maynooth, Irsko – Irští voliči půjdou 2. října napodruhé k hlasovacím urnám, aby se rozhodli, zda přijmou Lisabonskou smlouvu Evropské unie. Jak se termín hlasování blíží, náladu v hlavních městech EU prostupuje nervozita, neboť budoucnost EU je v rukou nepředvídatelných irských voličů. Když byli Irové vyzváni, aby hlasovali o úmluvě EU, ve dvou ze tří posledních případů návrh odmítli.

Pro EU už v sázce nemůže být víc. Lisabonská smlouva vznikla jako kompromis dohodnutý lídry EU po odmítnutí Ústavní smlouvy ve všelidových hlasováních ve Francii a Nizozemsku v roce 2005. Nad smlouvou bylo prolito mnoho vyjednávací krve a její druhé odmítnutí irskými voliči by Unii přivodilo neschopnost ratifikovat a realizovat její ustanovení; to by nevyhnutelně vedlo k politické paralýze a institucionálnímu úpadku.

Kampaň před referendem zažívá v Irsku návrat střetu uvnitř dobře známé konstelace sil. Na straně Ano jsou všechny hlavní politické strany, odborové svazy, obec podnikatelů a široký svazek skupin občanské společnosti. Jejich kampaň je koordinovanější a výraznější než minule a usiluje o mobilizaci co nejvyššího počtu podporovatelů a o zajištění vysoké účasti v hlasování, která by podle předpokladu většiny komentátorů pomohla právě zastáncům schválení smlouvy.

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