Iran: Echos der Revolution

STONY BROOK, NEW YORK: Die anhaltenden Unruhen im Iran, die inzwischen über den 30. Jahrestag der Revolution, die seinerzeit den Schah stürzte, hinausreichen, werfen die Frage auf, ob der Fall der Islamischen Republik bevorsteht. Wie 1979 sind Millionen von Iranern auf die Straße gegangen, diesmal, um gegen den Wahlbetrug bei den Präsidentschaftswahlen im vergangenen Juni zu protestieren.

Die betrogenen Präsidentschaftskandidaten, beide Veteranen der Revolution, dachten instinktiv, dass sich die Geschichte wiederholen würde. Für Mir Hossein Moussawi repräsentierten die grünen Symbole der Demonstranten die Farbe des Hauses des Propheten, und er drängte seine Anhänger, ihre nächtlichen Sprechchöre „Gott ist groß!“ auf den Dächern fortzusetzen. Der erste Slogan der Opposition beschwor also das religiöse Credo der Revolutionäre von 1979. Zuletzt skandierten ihn die Protestierenden während der Demonstrationen anlässlich der Beerdigung des Großajatollahs Ali Montazeri in den letzten Tagen des Jahres 2009.

Und doch laufen wir Gefahr, uns durch die Erinnerungen an 1979 in die Irre führen zu lassen. Es ist viel zu früh, eine weitere Revolution vorherzusagen. Aber die Kluft zwischen der iranischen Gesellschaft und ihrer Regierung ist heute sehr viel größer als vor 30 Jahren unter dem Schah . Ein Wandel scheint genau so unvermeidlich wie damals.

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