Konektivita pro všechny

OXFORD V posledním desetiletí se počet nových uživatelů internetu ztrojnásobil. Třebaže je však velká většina světové populace i nadále offline, tempo expanze v nedávných letech prudce kleslo. Dochází snad internetové revoluci dech?

V letech 2005 až 2008 se počet uživatelů internetu zvyšoval ročním kumulovaným tempem 15,1%, takže celkový počet osob připojených k síti dosáhl zhruba 2,7 miliardy. Podle nové zprávy společnosti McKinsey Global Institute však v letech 2010-2013 tempo růstu kleslo na 10,4%. Vzhledem k enormnímu ekonomickému přínosu konektivity by mělo mít nalezení cest, jak poskytnout přístup k internetu také zbývajícím čtyřem miliardám lidí na zeměkouli, vysokou prioritu.

To se samozřejmě lehko řekne. Přibližně tři čtvrtiny nepřipojených osob – celkem 3,4 miliardy lidí – žijí v pouhých dvaceti zemích. V roce 2012 jich zhruba 64% bydlelo ve venkovských oblastech, oproti pouhým 24% uživatelů internetu, přičemž asi polovina jich žije pod hranicí chudoby dané země a pod úrovní středního příjmu. Přibližně 18% z nich jsou lidé starší 54 let, oproti přibližně 7% internetové populace, a zhruba 28% jich je negramotných, zatímco u uživatelů internetu se míra gramotnosti blíží 100%. A konečně ženy tvoří 52% nepřipojené a pouze 42% připojené populace.

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