Narendra Modi Sadat/ZumaPress

打破印度的内部障碍

新德里——印度亟需立即落实的众多经济改革中,最显而易见的是长期悬而未决的商品和服务税。那么印度政治家为何却没能通过?

商品和服务税的必要性无需辩驳。正像亿万富翁史蒂夫·福布斯最近在同名杂志上所述的那样,“外人惊讶于印度与大革命前的法国何其相似,重重叠叠的国内关卡阻挡了经济效率和进步。”他紧接着指出统一的商品服务税能够焕发印度的活力,让印度像美国一样获得庞大国内市场所带来的好处,并取代实际相当于“国内商品流动关税”的“令人窒息的地方税大杂烩”。

事实上,印度有着令人眼花缭乱的地方税体系。例如,印度的州商业税需要在各州边界设立关卡,等候通关的卡车排成长队。结果导致国内货运费用成为物流噩梦。销售税五花八门,跨越各州边境的国内消费品还要缴纳“货物入市税”。欧盟是28个主权国家组成的共同市场,而印度却是拥有29个独立市场的单一主权国家。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To read this article from our archive, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you are agreeing to our Terms and Conditions.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/gHfRnCX/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.