Independencia o guerra

ESTRASBURGO – En el decenio de 1990, el mundo apartó la vista del genocidio de Rwanda y de la “guerra de los Grandes Lagos” en el Congo oriental, que se cobró cinco millones de vidas: el mayor número de cualquier guerra desde la segunda guerra mundial. ¿Volverán a prevalecer un silencio y una desatención semejantes, si se reanuda la guerra civil en el Sudán?

El acuerdo de paz logrado en 2005 en Naivasha (Kenya) entre el Gobierno del Sudán y los rebeldes del Movimiento Popular de Liberación del Sudán (MPLS) comprometió a los dos bandos, en guerra durante la mayor parte de los cincuenta años anteriores, a laborar en pro de la unidad, pero, cuando el Acuerdo Amplio de Paz (AAP) llega a su culminación, el MPLS, radicado en la región autónoma del Sudán meridional, ha abandonado toda pretensión de que la unidad con el Norte y el Gobierno de Jartum sea posible o conveniente.

Un referéndum previsto para el 9 de enero brindará a los votantes del Sur la oportunidad de crear su propio Estado soberano. Una votación aparte, pero simultánea, en la provincia de Abyei, rica en petróleo, permitirá a los votantes elegir si desean unirse al Norte o al Sur.

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