Секретное демографическое оружие Японии

НЬЮ-ЙОРК. Так как ежегодное заседание Всемирного банка/Международного валютного фонда теперь будет проводиться в Токио, японские лидеры должны справиться с разворачивающейся демографической катастрофой. Национальный институт населения и социального обеспечения Японии предсказывает, что к 2060 году население страны сократится на одну треть по сравнению с 2010 годом, когда в стране проживало 128 миллионов человек, и только половина оставшегося населения будет в возрасте от 15 до 65 лет ‑ наиболее продуктивной возрастной группе в любой экономике.

Такие цифры, как правило, являются следствием войн и эпидемий, и они обычно означают как резкое уменьшение числа молодых людей, способных обеспечить своих пожилых родственников, так и увеличение долгового бремени страны, которая и так уже несет одно из тяжелейших в мире.

Чтобы решить эту проблему, у японских политических лидеров есть три варианта: найти способ значительно поднять рождаемость в стране, открыть островное сообщество, долгое время находящееся в изоляции, для наплыва иммигрантов или, наконец, раскрыть секретное оружие страны ‑ энергию, таланты и мастерство японских женщин.

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