El desafío de la creación del Estado en Haití

SANTO DOMINGO – Los 5 mil millones de dólares de ayuda de corto plazo para Haití y los 10 mil millones que se prometieron para su reconstrucción a largo plazo en la Conferencia Internacional de Donantes celebrada el 31 de diciembre son un voto de confianza en el potencial de las acciones internacionales colectivas. No obstante, el asunto no se limita exclusivamente al dinero;  se trata de saber si el sufrimiento de Haití habrá de abordarse únicamente como una crisis humanitaria más o como un problema estructural de creación del Estado –una búsqueda de estabilidad institucional y desarrollo sostenible a largo plazo.

Es notorio que fueron los vecinos dominicanos de Haití los primeros en medir la magnitud del problema y la naturaleza global de la solución que se requiere. La decisión del gobierno dominicano de celebrar una cumbre sobre el futuro de Haití tiene el objetivo de asegurar el compromiso continuo de la comunidad internacional con ese país, más allá de la generosa respuesta a la catástrofe que produjo el terremoto de enero.

Además de armonizar el flujo de las donaciones y una lista acordada de proyectos de desarrollo, el presidente dominicano, Leonel Fernández, desea dejar claro que la tarea es a largo plazo: la refundación del Estado haitiano, que está por convertirse en un Estado fallido. Fernández, quien cree en la naturaleza básicamente política de la tragedia de Haití, aspira a convertir la crisis actual en una palanca para la creación del Estado, para sacarlo del aislamiento político y para que madure como miembro activo de la comunidad regional y mundial.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/OmkNiwP/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now