Grands Maitres et croissance mondiale

Cambridge – L’économie mondiale entre dans une nouvelle décennie en 2010 et l’on peut se poser la question de savoir quel sera le prochain moteur de la croissance mondiale ? Parions que ces années seront une décennie au cours de laquelle l’intelligence artificielle se mettra en mode ‘vitesse d’échappement’ et commencera à avoir un impact économique aussi important que l’émergence de l’Inde et de la Chine.

Le monde du jeu d’échec influence évidemment grandement mon point de vue - un jeu auquel j’ai joué à un niveau professionnel et auquel je m’intéresse toujours. Bien que particulier, le jeu d’échec électronique permet néanmoins d’ouvrir une fenêtre sur l’évolution du monde de l’électronique et est un baromètre de comment les individus pourraient s’y adapter.

Un petit peu d’histoire pourrait être nécessaire. En 1996 et 1997, le champion mondial d’échecs, Gary Kasparov, a joué deux matches contre un ordinateur IBM appelé « Deep Blue ». A cette époque, Kasparov dominait le monde des échecs, tout comme Tiger Woods domine le golf aujourd’hui, enfin du moins jusqu’à récemment. Dans le match de 1996, Deep Blue a étonné le champion en gagnant la première partie. Mais Kasparov a rapidement adapté son jeu pour prendre partie des faiblesses de l’ordinateur dans une stratégie à long terme, par laquelle son jugement et son intuition semblaient tromper le fonctionnement mécanique de l’ordinateur.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now