Buenas noticias en tiempos no tan buenos

NUEVA YORK – En un momento en que los titulares están atiborrados de crisis financieras y violencia, resulta particularmente importante reconocer la creatividad de muchos gobiernos a la hora de combatir la pobreza, la enfermedad y el hambre. El punto no consiste simplemente en que nos sintamos un poco mejor, sino más bien en enfrentar una de las amenazas más graves del mundo: el pesimismo generalizado de que los problemas de hoy son demasiado grandes como para encontrarles una solución. Analizar los logros nos brinda el conocimiento y la confianza para aunar nuestros esfuerzos comunes a fin de solucionar los grandes desafíos globales de hoy.

En primer lugar, hay que sacarse el sombrero ante México por proponer la idea de “transferencias condicionales de efectivo” a los hogares pobres. Estas transferencias le permiten a los hogares invertir en la salud, la alimentación y la escolaridad de sus hijos, y los alientan a hacerlo. El “Programa Oportunidades” de México, liderado por el presidente Felipe Calderón, hoy es imitado en toda América latina. Recientemente, a pedido de los cantantes Shakira y Alejandro Sanz, y un movimiento social que ellos encabezan, todos los líderes latinoamericanos se comprometieron a fortalecer los programas de la región para el desarrollo de la niñez temprana, en base a los logros que resultaron posibles hasta la fecha.

Noruega, bajo el liderazgo del primer ministro Jens Stoltenberg, mantiene su tradición de liderazgo social y ambiental creativo. El gobierno estableció una alianza global para prevenir la muerte materna durante el parto, invirtiendo tanto en partos seguros como en la supervivencia de los recién nacidos. Al mismo tiempo, Noruega lanzó un programa innovador de 1.000 millones de dólares con Brasil para inducir a las comunidades pobres del Amazonas a poner fin a la deforestación descontrolada. Astutamente, Noruega le entrega los fondos a Brasil sólo si se logra con éxito evitar la deforestación (a diferencia de un protocolo acordado). 

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