Знаем ли мы собак

ГЕЙЕСВИЛЛ, ФЛОРИДА. В Соединенных Штатах дома у людей живет около 70 миллионов собак. Это на 10 миллионов больше, чем детей в возрасте до 15 лет. В других западных странах ситуация схожая. Примерно 40% домашних собак позволено спать на кроватях их владельцев.

Как собаки смогли занять такое интимное место в нашей жизни? Согласно одной теории, на протяжении тысяч лет, которые собаки прожили с людьми, они приспособились к образу мышления человека. Несомненно, собаки поразительно чувствуют поведение человека.

Собаки могут следовать жестам, которые показывает человек, чтобы найти спрятанную пищу, и они могут успешно указать владельцам своими собственными действиями, где расположена спрятанная игрушка. При определенных обстоятельствах, собаки понимают, что человек, который не может их видеть (потому что, например, он с завязанными глазами) с меньшей вероятностью отреагирует чем-то вкусным на их выпрашивание подаяния, чем человек, чье зрение нормально. Собаки с большей вероятностью выполнят команду оставить в покое что-то желаемое, в случае когда хозяин остается в комнате, а не когда он выйдет из нее.

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