Football et mondialisation

Cambridge – Comment la mondialisation change-t-elle la répartition des richesses et modifie-t-elle les possibilités de réussite sur la planète ? Est-elle un élan vers le mieux qui permet aux pays pauvres de sortir de la misère en participant aux marchés mondiaux ou bien est-ce seulement une petite minorité qui en tire d'importants bénéfices ?

Pour répondre à ces questions, tournons-nous vers le foot. Depuis que les clubs européens imposent moins de restriction au nombre de joueurs étrangers, ce sport s'est véritablement mondialisé. Les joueurs africains notamment se retrouvent un peu partout, à l'image de l'habituelle cohorte de Brésiliens et d'Argentins. A tel point que la présence étrangère dans les équipes de foot surpasse tout ce que l'on peut voir dans le commerce international.

L'Arsenal qui est maintenant en tête de la Premier League anglaise aligne 11 joueurs, dont généralement pas un seul britannique. Tous les joueurs anglais des quatre clubs britanniques qui ont participé récemment au 8° de finale de la Ligue des Champions de l'UEFA ne suffiraient pas à former une seule équipe.

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