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¿Quién debe dirigir las instituciones internacionales?

OXFORD – La ONU busca un nuevo secretario general. La presidencia del Banco Mundial está disponible. La Organización Mundial de la Salud necesita un nuevo jefe. Lo mismo ocurre con varias otras organizaciones internacionales. En tiempos que los conflictos de intereses entre Estados Unidos y sus aliados, junto al ascenso de China y Rusia, afectan la cooperación internacional, no podría ser más importante la pregunta de quién ha de llenar estos puestos vacantes.

En el pasado, el proceso de selección del candidato correcto ha reflejado las rivalidades entre países y las competencias de popularidad entre gobiernos, ONG y medios de comunicación. Es evidente que este nunca fue el mejor enfoque, pero la cooperación seguía siendo viable, con unos Estados Unidos hegemónicos como potencia dispuesta y capaz de mantener unidas las instituciones internacionales.

Hoy en día, las impredecibles declaraciones del candidato presidencial estadounidense Donald Trump y la visión más aislacionista que fomenta entre sus partidarios han ido generando una actitud nerviosa en el resto del mundo acerca del cambiante papel de Estados Unidos en el planeta. Y sus aliados en Europa no son precisamente los más estables, debido a una combinación de retos económicos profundos, la inminente salida del Reino Unido de la Unión Europea y el creciente apoyo a las fuerzas políticas populistas en muchos países.

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