德国选举的五个未知数

9月18日,德国会进行一场至少有五个未知数的选举。如果说这是一个方程式,那么它将不可能有解。幸运的是,政治不是数学—虽然,不幸的是,这意味着没有明确的答案。的确,即便是在当代政治不透明的环境下,德国的情况也特别让人伤脑筋。

第一个未知数就是为什么要进行选举。施罗德总理的任期结束还有15个月,而他似乎在调动议会里无可否认的微弱多数方面也没有困难。

确切地说,当联邦总统解散德国联邦议院时所列举的重大问题都是真实存在的。以德国的标准衡量,当前的财政状况令人不能接受;目前的国债水平也与欧盟的《稳定与增长协定》大相径庭,并成为了未来世代的负担。仅仅人口统计学数据的变化发展就需要德国在社会政策方面进行重大改革。另外,联邦体系下的机构设置也使得政府无法进行迅速而明确的决策。

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