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ما الذي يحول دون المساواة بين الجنسين؟

بيركلي ــ قبل عام واحد، تبنت الأمم المتحدة أهداف التنمية المستدامة الـ 17، والتي يتلخص أحدها في تحقيق المساواة الحقيقية بين الجنسين بحلول عام 2030.

إن تمكين النساء والفتيات نهج صحيح أخلاقيا وذكي اقتصاديا. وتؤكد دراسات حديثة عديدة أن هناك تكاليف اقتصادية وأخرى متصلة بالتنمية البشرية ترتبط بالفجوات الكبيرة المنتشرة في ما يتصل بالمساواة بين الجنسين في الفرص الاقتصادية ونتائجها.

يحدد تقرير صادر مؤخرا عن الفريق الرفيع المستوى التابع للأمين العام للأمم المتحدة، والذي تولينا إعداده، الإجراءات والتدابير التي يمكن أن تتخذها الحكومات، والشركات، والمنظمات غير الحكومية، وهيئات التنمية المتعددة الأطراف الآن لإغلاق هذه الفجوات والتعجيل بالتقدم نحو تحقيق الهدف الجامع لأهداف التنمية المستدامة والمتمثل في تحقيق النمو الاقتصادي الشامل. ويُظهِر التقرير أن زيادة المساواة بين الجنسين في أي دولة ترتبط بتحسين التعليم والصحة، وارتفاع نصيب الفرد في الدخل، والنمو الاقتصادي الأسرع والأكثر شمولا، وزيادة القدرة التنافسية على المستوى الدولي.

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