Pýcha předchází pád v EU

PAŘÍŽ – Lisabonská smlouva Evropské unie byla zpočátku vítána s nadšením, hrdostí a dokonce i pýchou. Slibovala realističtější a racionálnější cestu vpřed než nešťastná ústavní smlouva, která jí předcházela, a mnoho jejích zastánců rovněž doufalo, že stěžejní rys její předchůdkyně – totiž idea „ústavního patriotismu“ – je stále živý. Místo toho však Lisabonská smlouva vnesla do unie chaos. Co se stalo špatně?

Ústavní patriotismus, koncept rozpracovaný dvěma německými filozofy Dolfem Sternbergerem a Karlem Jaspersem, měl nahradit nacionalismus, který v Německu zdiskreditovala nacistická minulost země. Také s proměnou EU ve federální stát se měli loajální občané zřeknout nacionalismu založeného na etnické spřízněnosti a místo něj se ztotožnit s demokratickými principy ústavy federace.

Tuto fantazii však jednoznačně odmítli irští voliči, takže je na místě si připomenout, že už staří Řekové pokládali pýchu za předzvěst tragédie vedoucí ke konečnému pádu.

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