Skip to main content

jk459.jpg

Los 50 años de Fransáfrica

DAKAR – Este mes marca el 50 aniversario de la independencia de Francia de los países africanos francófonos, así como sus lazos con éste país. Peros, ¿hay mucho que celebrar?

Mucho antes de que el presidente francés, Charles de Gaulle, asumiera el poder en 1958, ya había anticipado la ola de nacionalismo revolucionario que pronto se extendería por toda África, Asia, América Latina y el Medio Oriente. Siendo presidente de Francia, trató de evitar esa corriente proponiendo a los líderes africanos de las colonias francesas un arreglo negociado de independencia.

Para tomar la oferta de De Gaulle, estos líderes tuvieron que aceptar, entre otras cosas, el acuartelamiento en su territorio de tropas francesas, ofrecer a Francia un suministro constante de materias primas a precios predeterminados, asumir todas las deudas de la era colonial adquiridas por Francia, mantener el franco CFA como su moneda común y otorgar la autoridad de veto de sus bancos centrales subregionales al Tesoro francés. De Gaulle obtuvo casi todo lo que quería, y concedió la independencia.

We hope you're enjoying Project Syndicate.

To continue reading, subscribe now.

Subscribe

Get unlimited access to PS premium content, including in-depth commentaries, book reviews, exclusive interviews, On Point, the Big Picture, the PS Archive, and our annual year-ahead magazine.

https://prosyn.org/jLhxHQp/es;
  1. reinhart39_ Sha HantingChina News ServiceVisual China Group via Getty Images_jerome powell Sha Hanting/China News Service/Visual China Group via Getty Images

    Jerome Powell’s Dilemma

    Carmen M. Reinhart & Vincent Reinhart

    There is a reason that the US Federal Reserve chair often has a haunted look. Probably to his deep and never-to-be-expressed frustration, the Fed is setting monetary policy in a way that increases the likelihood that President Donald Trump will be reelected next year.

    0
  2. mallochbrown10_ANDREW MILLIGANAFPGetty Images_boris johnson cow Andrew Milligan/AFP/Getty Images

    Brexit House of Cards

    Mark Malloch-Brown

    Following British Prime Minister Boris Johnson's suspension of Parliament, and an appeals court ruling declaring that act unlawful, the United Kingdom finds itself in a state of political frenzy. With rational decision-making having become all but impossible, any new political agreement that emerges is likely to be both temporary and deeply flawed.

    1
  3. sufi2_getty Images_graph Getty Images

    Could Ultra-Low Interest Rates Be Contractionary?

    Ernest Liu, et al.

    Although low interest rates have traditionally been viewed as positive for economic growth because they encourage businesses to invest in enhancing productivity, this may not be the case. Instead, Ernest Liu, Amir Sufi, and Atif Mian contend, extremely low rates may lead to slower growth by increasing market concentration and thus weakening firms' incentive to boost productivity.

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated Cookie policy, Privacy policy and Terms & Conditions