Many curled US 1 dollar bills on edge PM Images/Getty Images

金融的下一阶段

华盛顿—全球金融危机以来的十年是喧嚣的十年。诚然,大战并未爆发,我们也或多或少避免了大萧条的错误——这些错误曾在20世纪30年代导致保护主义抬头、银行倒闭、严厉紧缩和通缩环境。但新浮现的市场紧张表明,这些风险只是被掩盖,并未被消除。

从某种程度上说,2008年金融危机的故事始于从二战废墟上建立起来的世界秩序。布雷顿森林机构(世界银行和国际货币基金组织)、马歇尔计划、欧洲经济共同体等项目支持了世界经济重要部分的复兴。尽管发生了冷战(或者说,也许因为冷战),它们仍然重新启动了因二战而陷入停顿的全球化。

20世纪六七十年代的越南战争、美元停止兑换黄金、1973年石油价格冲击以及大滞涨等事件对全球化进程形成了干扰。但随后美国和英国经历了某种保守主义革命,新自由主义经济政策得到复兴,包括全面去监管化、贸易自由化和前所未有的资本账户开放。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To access our archive, please log in or register now and read two articles from our archive every month for free. For unlimited access to our archive, as well as to the unrivaled analysis of PS On Point, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/FLAEddB/zh;

Handpicked to read next

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.