Evropa ve válce

NEW YORK – Invaze na Ukrajinu v roce 2014 Putinovským Ruskem znamenala zásadní výzvu hodnotám a principům, na kterých byla založena Evropská unie a také systému založenému na pravidlech, který drží Evropu v míru od roku 1945. Ani evropští lídři a ani občané si nejsou plně vědomi rozsahu této výzvy a už vůbec ne toho, jak s ní naložit.

Putinův režim je založen na vládě síly, která je manifestována represí uvnitř a agresí navenek. Byl ale schopen získat si alespoň v krátkodobém horizontu taktickou výhodu, kterou má před Evropou a USA díky jejich odhodlání vyvarovat se přímé vojenské konfrontaci.

Rusko anektovalo Krym a založilo separatistické enklávy v donbaském regionu na východní Ukrajině, čímž porušilo závazky plynoucí z mezinárodních úmluv. Když se minulé léto ukázalo, že by ukrajinská vláda mohla vyhrát válku v Donbasu, nařídil Putin invazi regulérními ruskými ozbrojenými silami. Přípravy na druhou vlnu vojenské akce začaly v listopadu, když Putin poskytl separatistům nový příliv ozbrojených kolon a personálu.

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