European Parliament/Pietro Naj-Oleari

欧洲的午夜之犬

布鲁塞尔—以让-克劳德·容克为首的新欧盟委员会开局不利。但从新闻中你看不到这一点。福尔摩斯知道,不在午夜乱吠的狗往往不会引起注意。在欧洲,欧盟的财政规则是问题所在,而欧盟委员会——原则上它是欧盟的看门狗——应该在问题没有得到重视时大声吠叫。

上个月,在两个欧盟大国意大利和法国上交其2015年预算计划,其政府违背继续紧缩的承诺已成定局后,谴责之声不可避免。首先,欧盟委员会忠实地拒绝了两国预算计划,因为其不符合欧盟稳定与增长公约(Stability and Growth Pact,SGP)规则。但接着发生了福尔摩斯故事中的“有趣”的事情。几天后,两国对预算做了相当于GDP的0.2%的微调,并由财政部长致书欧盟委员会表示预算现在应予通过。委员会没有对此做出反应,这使得法国和意大利领导人声称,是他们而不是布鲁塞尔官僚拥有最终决定权。

事实上,最新预测表明法国和意大利今年的表现要比最初承诺的还要糟糕,法国赤字预计将在2015年略有增加,意大利的经周期调整的赤字还将进一步恶化。增长和稳定公约规定每年的改善幅度至少要达到GDP的0.5%。

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