Flag of European Union.

欧洲迷途

发自华盛顿特区——欧洲针对其战略挑战的应对——俄罗斯对乌克兰的侵略,逃离暴力冲突的中东难民,失控的北非局势——都让人觉得它的领导人像个无头苍蝇。实际上这些人可能并非如此——这是一个需要开诚布公而非刻意掩盖的事实。

简单地说,欧盟的经济停滞限制了其对外部压力的回应,内部危机又使欧盟领导人缺乏腾挪的空间。幸运的是,如果能唤起足够的智慧和政治意愿,欧洲其实有办法去解决这一危机。

欧盟问题的根源在于其对2008年全球金融危机的应对:两年的大规模财政刺激计划。这不仅没有带来多大的增长,还导致了严重的公共债务。七年后,欧盟的人均产出甚至还低于危机爆发时的水平。同时公共债务规模飙升,相当于GDP总量的87%,导致留给政策调整和创新的空间极为有限。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/u1KVKGk/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now