David Cameron, Prime Minister of Great Britain Tolga Akmen/London News Pictures via ZUMA Wire

Chamberlain y Cameron: semejanzas y diferencias

LONDRES – La cuestión europea es el ángel de la muerte de la política británica – divide a partidos, debilita a gobiernos y destruye carreras. Sin embargo, nunca antes alrededor de esta cuestión se había puesto tanto en juego. La decisión del primer ministro británico David Cameron de celebrar un referéndum – quizás tan pronto como en junio próximo – sobre la continuación de la membresía del Reino Unido en la Unión Europea podría derrocar a su gobierno, destruir a su partido político y, literalmente, desgarrar a su país.

Cameron está haciendo todo lo posible para renegociar los términos de la membresía con el fin de persuadir a los votantes para que elijan permanecer en la UE. Pero, los referéndums  son notoriamente impredecibles. Y, no existe razón para creer que las tormentas de populismo que soplan a lo largo del continente no toquen tierra en el Reino Unido.

La decisión de abandonar la UE caería como un mazazo sobre la economía británica y disminuiría en gran medida su talla internacional. Mucho peor, podría conducir a la disolución del Reino Unido. El Partido Nacional Escocés (PNE) ha amenazado con llevar a cabo un segundo referéndum sobre su independencia si los votantes británicos deciden abandonar la UE. Los líderes del PNE argumentan que esto permitiría que una Escocia independiente siga siendo parte de Europa, incluso mientras Inglaterra, Gales e Irlanda del Norte toman un rumbo propio y distinto.

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