Paul Krugman Panayiotis Tzamaros/ZumaPress

Los economistas frente a la economía

CAMBRIDGE – Desde que a finales del siglo XIX, cuando la economía, que cada vez recurría más a las matemáticas y la estadística, adquirió pretensiones científicas, sus profesionales han sido acusados de una diversidad de pecados. Las acusaciones –incluidos el orgullo desmedido, la desatención de los fines sociales, aparte de los ingresos, la atención excesiva a las técnicas formales y los fallos al predecir los acontecimientos económicos más importantes, como, por ejemplo, las crisis financieras– han solido proceder de personas ajenas a ella o de unos heterodoxos marginales, pero últimamente parece que incluso los principales teóricos de la disciplina están descontentos.

Paul Krugman, premio Nobel que también publica artículos en una sección fija de un periódico, ha convertido en un hábito las críticas muy severas a la última generación de modelos de macroeconomía por haber desatendido las anticuadas verdades keynesianas. Paul Romer, uno de los iniciadores de la nueva teoría del crecimiento, ha acusado a algunos nombres destacados, incluidos el premio Nobel Robert Lucas, de lo que llama “matematicidad”; utilizar las matemáticas para enturbiar en lugar de aclarar.

Richard Thaler, distinguido economista conductista de la Universidad de Chicago, ha reprochado a los profesionales pasar por alto el comportamiento en el mundo real a favor de modelos que dan por sentado que las personas son optimizadoras racionales y el profesor de Finanzas Luigi Zingales, también de la Universidad de Chicago, ha acusado a sus colegas especialistas en finanzas de haber extraviado a la sociedad al  exagerar los beneficios producidos por el sector financiero.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/hyP1rzZ/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now