Věk zranitelnosti

NEW YORK – Dvě nové studie znovu ukazují velikost problému nerovnosti, který zamořuje Spojené státy. První studie, totiž výroční zpráva o příjmech a chudobě Amerického úřadu pro sčítání lidu, dokládá, že ačkoliv se ekonomika údajně zotavila z velké recese, příjmy obyčejných Američanů nadále stagnují. Střední příjem domácností očištěný o inflaci zůstává hluboko pod hranicí dosaženou před čtvrtstoletím.

Kdysi panoval názor, že nejsilnější stránkou Ameriky není její vojenská síla, nýbrž ekonomický systém, který jí závidí celý svět. Proč by se však ostatní snažili napodobit ekonomický model, v němž velká část – dokonce většina – obyvatelstva zažívá stagnaci příjmů, zatímco příjmy na vrcholu žebříčku letí prudce vzhůru?

Druhá studie, Zpráva o lidském rozvoji 2014 Rozvojového programu Organizace spojených národů (UNDP), tato zjištění potvrzuje. UNDP každoročně zveřejňuje pořadí zemí podle jejich Indexu lidského rozvoje (HDI), jenž kromě příjmu obsahuje i další dimenze blahobytu, například zdraví a vzdělání.

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