Исторические Кандалы Восточной Азии

ТОКИО – Дипломатические отношения в Восточной Азии уже давно являются заложниками истории. Но в последнее время “проблема истории” региона усилилась, с ростом национализма среди основных участников, таких как Китай, Япония и Южная Корея, усиливаются споры, начиная от территории и природных ресурсов до военных мемориалов и учебников. Могут ли страны Восточной Азии преодолеть наследие своего конфликта, чтобы сформировать общее будущее, которое принесет всем пользу?

Рассмотрим отношения между ближайшими союзниками Америки в Восточной Азии, Японией и Южной Кореей. Хотя исторические разногласия уже давно мешали двусторонним связям, более националистическая позиция премьер-министра Японии Синдзо Абэ и президента Южной Кореи Пак Кын Хе усугубила нарывающие напряженности. В случае, если они не будут в состоянии вместе работать, чтобы остановить возрождение горьких исторических споров, их отношения останутся замороженными, при этом отдав карты в руки Китая.

Никто не разыгрывает карты истории с таким удовольствием, как Китай, где Президент Си Цзиньпин также опирается на национализм, чтобы узаконить свою власть. Ранее, в этом году Китай ввел два новых национальных дня в память о долгой борьбе Китая против японской агрессии в годы Второй Мировой Войны: “День Победы Войны против японской агрессии”, 3 сентября и “День Резни в Нанкине” 13 декабря. Что произойдет, если такие страны как Вьетнам и Индия, введут дни памяти агрессии Китая по отношению к ним с 1949 года?

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