Не вините евро

Евро - одно из очевидных достижений Европейского союза. Тем не менее, оно стало излюбленным козлом отпущения в “обвинительной игре”, которая началась после того, как Голландия и Франция отклонили проект конституции ЕС. Министр социального развития Италии - Роберто Марони, зашел так далеко, что предложил Италии выйти из евро-экономической зоны и вернуться назад к лире.

Кого он пытается обмануть? Ностальгия Марони по лире – это нечто большее, чем открытая (и безответственная) предвыборная уловка итальянской Северной Лиги и попытка отвлечь внимание от обвинения Романо Проди, бывшего президента Европейской комиссии и левоцентристского кандидата на предстоящих выборах, в существующих экономических проблемах в стране. Согласно главному экономисту Европейского центрального банка Отмару Иссингу, возвращение к лире было бы для Италии “экономическим самоубийством”.

Евро сделало итальянские государственные облигации такими же надежными как немецкие государственные облигации, потому что Европейский центральный банк принимает и те, и другие на равных основаниях, как залог под ссуды ЕЦБ. Это заметно уменьшило расходы по займам итальянского правительства. Задумался ли итальянский министр хотя бы на минуту о том, как бы его правительство оплачивало все свои государственные расходы на социальные и другие нужды, если бы процентные ставки Италии больше не субсидировались Европейским центральным банком?

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