Regreso al debate de la contención

PARÍS – Al principio de la Guerra Fría, hubo en Estados Unidos un intenso debate entre los partidarios de contener al comunismo y quienes querían forzarlo a retroceder. ¿Era suficiente limitar las ambiciones de la Unión Soviética, o se necesitaba una postura más agresiva, a veces descrita como “contención reforzada”?

La reciente controversia entre el presidente de Estados Unidos, Barack Obama, y su ex secretaria de Estado (y posible sucesora), Hillary Clinton, parece revivir ese debate. Pero, ¿son sus términos de referencia útiles ahora que Occidente se enfrenta a los desafíos simultáneos del Estado Islámico en Medio Oriente y de una Rusia revisionista? ¿Hacen bien los líderes occidentales en suponer que los dos desafíos son distintos, de modo que con Rusia basta la contención, mientras que una política de reversión es imprescindible en el caso del Estado Islámico?

La idea sería que Occidente necesita a Rusia tanto como Rusia necesita a Occidente, mientras que lo último que querría alguien es tener un santuario para fanáticos islamistas en el corazón de Medio Oriente. Por eso, para convencer a Rusia de cambiar de política hay que apelar a una combinación de sanciones económicas, unidad estratégica y compromiso diplomático; en cambio, las ambiciones del Estado Islámico no se pueden contener, de modo que hay que suprimirlas.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/NMFKVaz/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now