Christine Lagarde. International Monetary Fund/Flickr

No teman al FMI

CAMBRIDGE – En muchos lugares del mundo, el Fondo Monetario Internacional es la organización a la que todos aman odiar. Según algunos, el FMI es malo para los pobres, las mujeres, la estabilidad económica y el medio ambiente. Joseph Stiglitz, cuya influencia es más amplia debido a su premio Nobel, culpa al FMI de causar y luego empeorar las crisis económicas que se le pidió que resolviera. Supuestamente, hace esto para salvar a los capitalistas y a los banqueros, no al ciudadano de a pie. Si bien no es cierta, esta creencia hace enorme daño y limita el bien potencial que el FMI puede hacer.

Para empezar, consideremos la forma en que el mundo enfrenta las crisis de refugiados, como la de Siria, y la forma en que enfrenta las crisis económicas. Como su nombre lo indica, el Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados no es una institución, sino una persona, quien está a cargo de una "oficina", no de una organización plenamente dicha. Es esta debilidad la que llevó a la Canciller de Alemania, Angela Merkel, a apremiar a sus socios de la Unión Europea para que respondieran de una manera más coherente al incesante flujo de personas en busca de asilo.

Por el contrario, el sistema para evitar y resolver las crisis financieras está anclado en una institución plenamente constituida: el FMI. Puede que ésta no sea perfecta, pero en comparación con cuestiones como las de los refugiados, los derechos humanos o el ambiente, está a años luz.

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