Победить мятежников

Хаос и насилие в Ираке укрепили представление о том, что мятежников победить нельзя и поэтому им нужно потакать. Как показывает опыт Колумбии, это не так. Комбинация из военной силы, политических инициатив и экономического роста, выгоду от которых получают широкие слои населения, может свести мятежи на нет. 

Несмотря на демократические традиции, отсчет которых ведется от 1830 года, Колумбия страдала от кровавого 40-летнего мятежа, который подняли нарко-террористы так называемых Революционных Вооруженных Сил Колумбии (FARC) и Национальной Армии Освобождения (ELN). На протяжении последних восьми лет эти нарко-террористы убили тысячи людей и похитили более 6 000 заложников, включая 140 иностранцев. Эти не в чем не повинные люди очень часто содержались в совершенно нечеловеческих условиях, и им не предоставлялось никакой медицинской помощи.

Такие криминальные мятежи подпитывались не поддержкой широких слоев населения, а доходами от торговли кокаином. Но, в то время как некоторые сельские районы находятся под влиянием партизан, и несмотря на богатство, которое им приносит нарко-трафик, FARC и ELN оказались слишком слабыми и непопулярными, чтобы создать серьезную угрозу свержения колумбийского правительства. Это не революция; это нигилизм, вызванный кокаиновым помешательством.

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