Великая унифицированная экономическая теория?

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Временное прекращение работы правительства США в прошлом месяце (в результате противостояния партий во время переговоров в Конгрессе по бюджету) олицетворяет собой поляризацию, преобладающую в современных обсуждениях экономической политики.

С одной стороны, сторонники Джона Кейнса утверждают, что государственное вмешательство способно помочь любой экономике выйти из кризиса путем стимулирования совокупного спроса, что, в свою очередь, повышает уровень занятости населения. Правительство страны, утверждают кейнсианцы, имеет возможность (и ответственность) решать многие, если не все, экономические проблемы страны.

С другой стороны, последователи австрийской школы экономической теории, в особенности идей Фридриха Хайека, утверждают, что ограничение власти правительства и свобода предпринимательства образуют единственный жизнеспособный путь к свободе и процветанию. Рынок является лучшим арбитром, распределяющим ограниченные ресурсы и, следовательно, должен служить основной движущей силой экономики.

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