Vypořádat se s historií

Devátý květen bude v Moskvě matkou všech oslav. Připomenuto bude vítězství nad nacistickým Německem před 60 lety a lidským obětem, jež padly za tento cíl, bude vzdána čest. Až potud je vše v pořádku. Některé státy se však slavnosti účastnit nebudou. Prezidenti dvou pobaltských zemí se rozhodli zůstat doma, protože jejich hostitelé nejsou ochotni připustit, že konec druhé světové války neznamenal pouze vítězství nad Hitlerem. Jejich národy musely čelit půlstoleté okupaci, a to kvůli dohodě, již před zahájením války sjednali Hitler a Stalin, takzvanému Paktu Molotov-Ribbentrop z roku 1939, který rozdělil východní Evropu mezi nacistické Německo a Sovětský svaz.

Musím obdivovat prezidentku třetí pobaltské země – Vairu Vike-Freibergovou z Lotyšska –, která se rozhodla do Moskvy jet, vzdát čest tomu, čemu přísluší, a hlasitě hovořit o tom, co by se nemělo zatajovat. Tímto jednáním demonstruje silnou pozici, již její země získala coby člen NATO a EU, a bude tím, kdo získá morální převahu.

Je škoda, že se dnešní ruské vedení rozhodlo neodsoudit Pakt Molotov-Ribbentrop, který tolik let poškozoval vývoj celého Pobaltí – a který je stále zdrojem politického kalu, jenž hrozí otrávením vztahů mezi sousedy kolem Baltského moře. Jen stěží dokážu akceptovat ty, kdo mají sklon popisovat Pakt Molotov-Ribbentrop jako pouhé opatření k vybudování sovětské národní bezpečnosti.

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