Великая африканская стратегия Китая

Начиная с Берлинской конференции 1883 г., которую король Бельгии Леопольд II назвал «дележом африканского пирога», Запад наделил сам себя исключительными правами на Африку южнее Сахары. Но хотя века борьбы за прекращение колониального правления и апартеида не сильно изменили данное положение вещей, сегодня влиянию Запада бросил вызов Китай, который не меньше Запада жаждет заполучить богатые запасы полезных ископаемых и ресурсов Африки.

Китай завоёвывает репутацию по всему континенту, т.к. присоединяется к совместным антиколониальным движениям сопротивления и относится к континенту серьёзно. В следующей встрече Форума китайско-африканского сотрудничества (CACF), созданного для содействия развитию торговли и инвестиций, которая состоится позже в этом году, примут участие 46 глав африканских государств и китайские руководители. В любом случае китайский президент Ху Цзиньтао, вице-президент Цзэн Цинхун и премьер-министр Вэнь Цзябао посещают континент регулярно.

Шаги Китая по укреплению связей с Африкой имеют три цели: наладить надёжные поставки энергетических и минеральных ресурсов, снизить влияние на континент Тайваня (который сотрудничает с 6 из 26 стран, с которыми Китай поддерживает полноценные дипломатические отношения) и усилить быстро растущее мировое влияние Китая.

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