中国為替レートの難問

中国の、人民幣 (元) を 2.1% 切り上げ、ドル ペッグ制を廃止するという突然の決定は、米国からの過去数ヶ月にわたる重圧の成果である。この驚くべき政策変更は、中国にとっては依然として固定通貨が有利であるため、しばらくの間保留されることになりそうである。

実際に、その最適な貨幣区域についての研究が、ユーロの理論的な実地研究の実施により裏付けされた経済学者ロバート マンデルは、中国が、現在の経済発展のフェーズにおける必要不可欠な一面として、固定為替相場を維持すべきであると主張している。しかし、中国の歪んだ経済構造に目を向ければ、その為替相場制度の、日本およびその他の東アジア経済が直面してきた問題よりもさらに難しい問題が明らかになる。

東アジア経済の躍進にとって、為替相場のペッグ制が地域の輸出主体の開発モデルと良く適合する不可欠な制度であったことは明白である。しかし固定為替相場の有効性は、輸出部門の発展が、国内産業および一国の経済全体にどれだけの波及効果をもたらすことができるかにかかっている。貿易部門における成長が国内の非貿易部門成長の起爆剤となるのなら、固定為替相場が、対外的な貿易収支に対する輸入引上げの要求といった重圧を生むことはないであろう。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/BP6a9px/ja;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.