中国的下一个日程

坎布里奇—我刚刚从北京返回。我在北京呆了一周,与中国官员会谈,还参加了中国发展论坛。中国发展论坛是一年一度的中国和国外高级官员和顶级企业高管会议。中国政府刚刚发布了十三五规划,官员们急切地想解释它对中国未来的意义。

尽管这一最新的规划包含一份看似无穷无尽的具体的项目和目标清单,但今年的主要新主题是“供给侧结构调整”,这个词包括了范围甚广的一系列旨在提振经济增长和生活水平的政策。“供给侧”一词意在将这些政策与传统的需求侧措施(已经将目标对准增强经济活动的宽松的货币和略微扩大的财政赤字)相区别。

在供给侧政策清单上名列前茅的是消灭一些国有企业和钢铁和煤炭行业的过剩产能。这意味着要分流四百万工人,相当于中国劳动力数量的0.5%左右。规划成立了一个特别基金,为失业者提供帮助。专家认为还需要更大规模的裁员;但当局起步十分谨慎,以观察政策效果和监控公众反应。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/w0Q4csJ/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.