Para acabar con el consenso del monopolio neoclásico en economía

Durante los veinticinco últimos años, el llamado “consenso de Washington”, que comprende medidas encaminadas a ampliar el papel de los mercados y limitar el del Estado, ha predominado en la política de desarrollo económico. Como dijo en 2002 John Williamson, quien acuñó el término, esas medidas “son como los dulces que a nadie amargan”, razón por la cual lograron el consenso.

Ya no es así. Dani Rodrik, renombrado economista de la Universidad de Harvard, es el último que ha discutido los fundamentos intelectuales del “consenso de Washington” en un convincente nuevo libro titulado One Economics, Many Recipes: Globalization, Institutions, and Economic Growth (“Una sola economía y muchas recetas. Mundialización, instituciones y crecimiento económico”). La tesis de Rodrik es la de que, aunque existe una sola economía, hay muchas recetas para el éxito económico.

Rodrik ha prestado un servicio importante al afirmar tan claramente la existencia de “una sola economía”. Un crítico que hiciera la misma afirmación de que la economía sólo permite un planteamiento teórico sería desechado como paranoide, mientras que la reputación de Rodrik brinda la oportunidad para un debate que, de lo contrario, no sería posible.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/fdbSopa/es;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now