factory Lucas Schifres/Getty Images

自动化时代的劳动力市场

发自伯克利——人工智能和机器人技术的进步正在推动新一波的自动化浪潮,使得机器可以匹配或超越人类的任务范畴急剧扩大,包括执行一些需要复杂认知能力和高级学位才能胜任的任务。这一进程超越了专家的期望;不出意外,其对就业数量和质量产生的潜在不利影响也引发了人们的严重关切。

而按照特朗普当局的说法,你可能会认为贸易依然是造成美国制造业就业流失的主要原因。特朗普的财政部长史蒂文·莫尼辛(Steven Mnuchin)宣称因为技术对工人的取代“甚至不在[行政部门]的视野之内。

然而经济学家的共识是,过去三十年来,美国制造业就业的流失约有80%是由节约劳动力及提高生产率的技术变革导致的,而贸易的影响只能远远地屈居第二。那么问题在于,我们是否走向一个失业的未来,即科技令许多人丢掉工作,还是“大规模失业的未来”,也就是越来越多的劳动者,无论教育水平和技能如何,都无法再获得一份中产阶级收入。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To access our archive, please log in or register now and read two articles from our archive every month for free. For unlimited access to our archive, as well as to the unrivaled analysis of PS On Point, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/6n3v0Av/zh;

Handpicked to read next

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.