India and China conflict over Tibet Hindustan Times/Getty Images

亚洲的羞辱链

费城—印度和中国军队在多克拉(Doka La,不丹、中国和印度三国交界处)的对峙已经持续了近一个月,是两军自1962年以来维持时间最长的僵持。中国国防部发言人吴谦上校毫不讳言地援引印度惨败的上一次冲突,警告印度“吸取历史教训”。但历史教训有一个奇怪的趋势,它会去适应援引教训的一方的角度。

中国现任领导层将1962年的冲突视为傲慢的邻国不屈从于其领土主张而必须付出的代价。但对印度来说,这场冲突是一次羞辱,压在它的心头已经超过半个世纪。因此,提到这次冲突有可能会产生和吴谦预料中完全相反的效果。

在国际关系中,受辱要比难堪意义还要重大。这会导致与另一方的国际地位下降、地位要求不予承认,并形成明确的等级链。战争是赤裸裸的羞辱机会,因为在战场上的失败不但会带来奚落和嘲笑,还会导致明确的损失,特别是领土损失。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

To read this article from our archive, please log in or register now. After entering your email, you'll have access to two free articles every month. For unlimited access to Project Syndicate, subscribe now.

required

By proceeding, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy, which describes the personal data we collect and how we use it.

Log in

http://prosyn.org/QYgjxfz/zh;

Cookies and Privacy

We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. To find out more, read our updated cookie policy and privacy policy.