Подъем Китая и его последствия для Южной Африки

Китай и страны Южной Африки в последние годы пользуются растущим вниманием со стороны международного сообщества, но по очень разным причинам. Как развивающаяся, быстро модернизирующаяся держава Китай, уже являющийся постоянным членом Совета безопасности ООН, сегодня находится на пороге желанного вступления в Большую Восьмерку, а также приобретения влиятельного положения во Всемирной Торговой Организации.

В отличие от Китая, страны Южной Африки осаждают многочисленные проблемы. Находящаяся по большей части в стороне от мировых инвестиционных потоков и в полной зависимости от северных рынков для экспорта своих товаров, а также в области тарифных льгот и финансовой помощи, Южная Африка занимает маргинальное положение в мировой экономике. ЮАР представляет собой заметное исключение, обладая наибольшим потенциалом для стимулирования региональной экономической интеграции, но и ЮАР имеет хронические социальные проблемы и, по сравнению с Восточной Азией, анемичный экономический рост.

Какие последствия усиление позиций Китая на мировой арене может иметь для стран Южной Африки? Может ли Китай помочь вызволить беднейший регион мира из пучины экономических и политических проблем?

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