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这是如何形成的?毕竟,1982年就有了具备法律约束力的联合国海洋法公约(United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea,简称UNCLOS),166个国家和欧盟在公约上签了字。在UNCLOS尚处于谈判阶段时,公海是受保护的,因为它们很难进入。但科技进步使得资源勘探能够在比以往任何时候更远更深的地方进行。如今,渔船可以全球作业,深海钻井提供的石油和天然气比例日益增加。UNCLOS已经跟不上时代的发展了。

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