Mike/Flickr

产业政策再思考

圣地亚哥—首先,世界银行成为不遗余力的女性和同性恋权利支持者。接着,国际货币基金组织支持使用资本管制,并表示关注收入不平等问题。这条意识形态现代化阵线的下一个是泛美开发银行:在即将发布的报告中,该银行呼吁拉丁美洲采取产业政策。

这是值得欢迎的发展趋势。平心而论,泛美开发银行虽然不像布雷顿森林体系诞生的两大机构那样顽固,但也属于传统国际金融官僚,没有产业政策置喙;它使用了政治正确的用词:“生产性发展政策”。但其中的信号是明确的:在拉丁美洲,公共政策应该在决定生产什么方面起到作用。一代人之前,这一信号会被视为异端。如今,这已是常识。

上周,来自泛美开发银行的经济学家带着他们的方案来到智利圣地亚哥开会。几十年来,智利一直是拉丁美洲经济管理的榜样,也是彰显所有拉丁美洲经济体所面临的问题的镜子。商品价格下跌、美元利率上升导致智利增长大幅减速。近15年来生产率几无增长,而其出口品组成亦与20世纪80年代别无二致。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/tLTh9Lj/zh;
  1. Patrick Kovarik/Getty Images

    The Summit of Climate Hopes

    Presidents, prime ministers, and policymakers gather in Paris today for the One Planet Summit. But with no senior US representative attending, is the 2015 Paris climate agreement still viable?

  2. Trump greets his supporters The Washington Post/Getty Images

    Populist Plutocracy and the Future of America

    • In the first year of his presidency, Donald Trump has consistently sold out the blue-collar, socially conservative whites who brought him to power, while pursuing policies to enrich his fellow plutocrats. 

    • Sooner or later, Trump's core supporters will wake up to this fact, so it is worth asking how far he might go to keep them on his side.
  3. Agents are bidding on at the auction of Leonardo da Vinci's 'Salvator Mundi' Eduardo Munoz Alvarez/Getty Images

    The Man Who Didn’t Save the World

    A Saudi prince has been revealed to be the buyer of Leonardo da Vinci's "Salvator Mundi," for which he spent $450.3 million. Had he given the money to the poor, as the subject of the painting instructed another rich man, he could have restored eyesight to nine million people, or enabled 13 million families to grow 50% more food.

  4.  An inside view of the 'AknRobotics' Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Two Myths About Automation

    While many people believe that technological progress and job destruction are accelerating dramatically, there is no evidence of either trend. In reality, total factor productivity, the best summary measure of the pace of technical change, has been stagnating since 2005 in the US and across the advanced-country world.

  5. A student shows a combo pictures of three dictators, Austrian born Hitler, Castro and Stalin with Viktor Orban Attila Kisbenedek/Getty Images

    The Hungarian Government’s Failed Campaign of Lies

    The Hungarian government has released the results of its "national consultation" on what it calls the "Soros Plan" to flood the country with Muslim migrants and refugees. But no such plan exists, only a taxpayer-funded propaganda campaign to help a corrupt administration deflect attention from its failure to fulfill Hungarians’ aspirations.

  6. Project Syndicate

    DEBATE: Should the Eurozone Impose Fiscal Union?

    French President Emmanuel Macron wants European leaders to appoint a eurozone finance minister as a way to ensure the single currency's long-term viability. But would it work, and, more fundamentally, is it necessary?

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now