Anatomía del thatcherismo

Londres – Este mes se cumplen treinta años de que Margaret Thatcher llegó al poder.  Si bien las condiciones locales precipitaron la revolución de Thatcher (o de manera más amplia, de Thatcher-Reagan), ésta se convirtió en una etiqueta instantáneamente reconocida a nivel mundial para una serie de ideas que dieron origen a políticas orientadas a liberar a los mercados de la interferencia gubernamental. Tres décadas después, el mundo está en recesión y muchos atribuyen la crisis global a esas ideas. 

En efecto, incluso fuera de la izquierda política, se considera que el modelo angloestadounidense de capitalismo ha fracasado. Se le culpa de la debacle económica casi total. Pero una visión retrospectiva a treinta años nos permite juzgar qué elementos de la revolución de Thatcher deben conservarse y cuáles deben modificarse a la luz de la actual desaceleración económica mundial.

Resulta obvio que lo que más necesita modificarse es la noción de que los mercados con un mínimo de injerencia y regulación son más estables y más dinámicos que los que están sujetos a la intervención del gobierno. Dicho de otro modo, la premisa del thatcherismo era que el fracaso del gobierno es una amenaza mucho mayor a la prosperidad que el fracaso del mercado.

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