Америка: самоубийственное управление государством

С момента победы Америки в «холодной войне» ее глобальная гегемония держалась на трех китах: экономической мощи, военной силе и огромным возможностям по экспорту ее популярной культуры. Появление в последнее время новых сил – Евросоюза, Китая, Индии и России, стремящейся вернуть утраченный статус – подорвало возможности Америки направлять ход событий единолично.

Даже несмотря на это, Америка остается безусловно самой могущественной страной мира; ее упадок в большей степени связан с некомпетентным использованием силы, чем с появлением конкурентов. В бедах Америки виновно «самоубийственное управление государством», как лаконично выразился Арнольд Тойнби, считавший именно это явление первопричиной крушения империй.

Возьмем, к примеру, Ближний Восток. Нет более яркого свидетельства упадка влияния США в регионе, чем контраст между взвешенным использованием силы в Кувейтской войне 1991 года и высокомерной фальшью нынешней войны в Ираке.

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