Co přijde po zlatém věku financí

LONDÝN – I po schválení nových finančních regulací ve Spojených státech, po přijetí Doddova-Frankova zákona a po zveřejnění nových kapitálových požadavků Basilejské komise zůstávají vyhlídky finančního sektoru pro příštích několik let vysoce nejisté. Ceny bankovních akcií samozřejmě zaznamenaly po minimech z roku 2008 mírné zotavení, ale nedávno se i tento vzestup zadrhl. Kromě obav z robustnosti oživení ekonomiky pociťují investoři nejistotu také ohledně podnikatelských modelů mnoha finančních firem a ohledně budoucí velikosti, podoby a ziskovosti finančního sektoru obecně.

Ve všech rozvinutých zemích banky koneckonců i nadále zůstávají silně neoblíbené. Bankéři jsou stále společenskými vyvrheli, jichž si veřejnost váží stejně málo jako drogových dealerů nebo novinářů. Lidé jim spílají, když prodělávají, a napadají je, když vydělávají. Z pohledu bank a jejich akcionářů to vypadá, že oni budou vždy ti špatní. Když se tedy nyní banky navracejí k ziskovosti, začali politici v Severní Americe i Evropě znovu hovořit o nových daních, které by tyto zisky sebraly ve prospěch daňových poplatníků, jejichž podpora udržela banky na vrcholu krize nad vodou.

Je to obrovský kontrast oproti postavení finančního sektoru v předchozích třech desetiletích. Od konce 70. let až do roku 2007 rostl finanční sektor mnohem rychleji než reálná ekonomika. V roce 1980 činila finanční aktiva – akcie, dluhopisy a bankovní vklady – v rozvinutých ekonomikách dohromady kolem 100% HDP. Do roku 2007 se toto číslo v USA, Velké Británii a Japonsku zvýšilo na více než 400%.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/faW7jQt/cs;
  1. Television sets showing a news report on Xi Jinping's speech Anthony Wallace/Getty Images

    Empowering China’s New Miracle Workers

    China’s success in the next five years will depend largely on how well the government manages the tensions underlying its complex agenda. In particular, China’s leaders will need to balance a muscular Communist Party, setting standards and protecting the public interest, with an empowered market, driving the economy into the future.

  2. United States Supreme Court Hisham Ibrahim/Getty Images

    The Sovereignty that Really Matters

    The preference of some countries to isolate themselves within their borders is anachronistic and self-defeating, but it would be a serious mistake for others, fearing contagion, to respond by imposing strict isolation. Even in states that have succumbed to reductionist discourses, much of the population has not.

  3.  The price of Euro and US dollars Daniel Leal Olivas/Getty Images

    Resurrecting Creditor Adjustment

    When the Bretton Woods Agreement was hashed out in 1944, it was agreed that countries with current-account deficits should be able to limit temporarily purchases of goods from countries running surpluses. In the ensuing 73 years, the so-called "scarce-currency clause" has been largely forgotten; but it may be time to bring it back.

  4. Leaders of the Russian Revolution in Red Square Keystone France/Getty Images

    Trump’s Republican Collaborators

    Republican leaders have a choice: they can either continue to collaborate with President Donald Trump, thereby courting disaster, or they can renounce him, finally putting their country’s democracy ahead of loyalty to their party tribe. They are hardly the first politicians to face such a decision.

  5. Angela Merkel, Theresa May and Emmanuel Macron John Thys/Getty Images

    How Money Could Unblock the Brexit Talks

    With talks on the UK's withdrawal from the EU stalled, negotiators should shift to the temporary “transition” Prime Minister Theresa May officially requested last month. Above all, the negotiators should focus immediately on the British budget contributions that will be required to make an orderly transition possible.

  6. Ksenia Sobchak Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    Is Vladimir Putin Losing His Grip?

    In recent decades, as President Vladimir Putin has entrenched his authority, Russia has seemed to be moving backward socially and economically. But while the Kremlin knows that it must reverse this trajectory, genuine reform would be incompatible with the kleptocratic character of Putin’s regime.

  7. Right-wing parties hold conference Thomas Lohnes/Getty Images

    Rage Against the Elites

    • With the advantage of hindsight, four recent books bring to bear diverse perspectives on the West’s current populist moment. 
    • Taken together, they help us to understand what that moment is and how it arrived, while reminding us that history is contingent, not inevitable


    Global Bookmark

    Distinguished thinkers review the world’s most important new books on politics, economics, and international affairs.

  8. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin Bill Clark/Getty Images

    Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

    As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.