非洲的独裁者外交家

布鲁塞尔—最近,埃塞俄比亚首相泽纳维(Meles Zenawi)在布鲁塞尔逝世,他近两个月以来从公众视野消失之谜终于随之解开。埃塞俄比亚政府一直在否认关于他身患严重肝癌的传闻。如今,随着最坏的消息最后得到了证实,埃塞俄比亚和整个东非也因此需要学会如何在没了这位伟大的独裁外交家的稳定影响力的情况下生活。

泽纳维毫无疑问兼具了双重身份。埃塞俄比亚自1991年起便在他的铁腕统治下开始了令人瞩目的转型。他所属的生活在埃塞俄比亚北部的少数民族提格雷族(Tigray)推翻了马里亚姆(Mengistu Haile Mariam)领导的邪恶的共产主义军政府(马里亚姆如今在穆加贝治下的津巴布韦享受着悠闲的退休生活)。

泽纳维最初是后军政府时代第一届政府的总统,接着又于1995年开始出任埃塞俄比亚总理直至去世。近几年来,在泽纳维(他的名字Meles是革命时期获得的外号)的领导下,埃塞俄比亚的年GDP增长率高达7.7%。强劲的经济表现有些出人意料,因为他所在的政党采取的是干涉主义政策模式,但泽纳维本人在吸引投资(主要来自中国)推动增长方面是个不折不扣的实用主义者。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/geR0G3H/zh;
  1. An employee works at a chemical fiber weaving company VCG/Getty Images

    China in the Lead?

    For four decades, China has achieved unprecedented economic growth under a centralized, authoritarian political system, far outpacing growth in the Western liberal democracies. So, is Chinese President Xi Jinping right to double down on authoritarianism, and is the “China model” truly a viable rival to Western-style democratic capitalism?

  2. The assembly line at Ford Bill Pugliano/Getty Images

    Whither the Multilateral Trading System?

    The global economy today is dominated by three major players – China, the EU, and the US – with roughly equal trading volumes and limited incentive to fight for the rules-based global trading system. With cooperation unlikely, the world should prepare itself for the erosion of the World Trade Organization.

  3. Donald Trump Saul Loeb/Getty Images

    The Globalization of Our Discontent

    Globalization, which was supposed to benefit developed and developing countries alike, is now reviled almost everywhere, as the political backlash in Europe and the US has shown. The challenge is to minimize the risk that the backlash will intensify, and that starts by understanding – and avoiding – past mistakes.

  4. A general view of the Corn Market in the City of Manchester Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

    A Better British Story

    Despite all of the doom and gloom over the United Kingdom's impending withdrawal from the European Union, key manufacturing indicators are at their highest levels in four years, and the mood for investment may be improving. While parts of the UK are certainly weakening economically, others may finally be overcoming longstanding challenges.

  5. UK supermarket Waring Abbott/Getty Images

    The UK’s Multilateral Trade Future

    With Brexit looming, the UK has no choice but to redesign its future trading relationships. As a major producer of sophisticated components, its long-term trade strategy should focus on gaining deep and unfettered access to integrated cross-border supply chains – and that means adopting a multilateral approach.

  6. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now