失业问题困扰下的复苏?

剑桥——2008至2009年华尔街风暴和紧接着的全球衰退中,谁会受到最长期、最猛烈的打击?

不是造成这场灾难的银行家和金融家。某些金融家会因欺诈入狱,例如伯纳德·麦道夫。但是,尽管麦道夫丑闻只是猖獗的金融违法行为的冰山一角,但大多数有嫌疑的金融家并不需要担心被捕,因为他们的行为只是打了法律的擦边球,或者是因为比彻底的欺诈更微妙的金融不当行为通常很难取证。

一些银行老板会在耻辱中下台,但会得到巨额的补偿来缓解他们的痛苦——例如美国银行的肯·刘易斯得到价值5500万美元的“金色降落伞”,又如苏格兰皇家银行的弗雷德·歌德温得到2500万英镑退休金。然而,在得到政府紧急融资、担保和低利率的支援后,许多银行又开始给高层管理者支付巨额的奖金,同时强烈地反对旨在限制他们冒险和补偿的改革。

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