Spravedlivá dohoda o změně klimatu

Dohoda o změně klimatu, k níž v Heiligendammu došli lídři G-8, pouze nachystala scénu pro příchod skutečné debaty: jak si rozdělíme ubývající schopnost atmosféry absorbovat naše skleníkové plyny?

Předáci G-8 se dohodli, že budou usilovat o „podstatná“ snížení emisí skleníkových plynů a že věnují „seriózní úvahu“ cíli snížit tyto emise do roku 2050 na polovinu – což byl výsledek, který jako triumf přivítali německá kancléřka Angela Merkelová i britský ministerský předseda Tony Blair. Přesto dohoda nikoho nezavazuje k žádným konkrétním cílům, nejméně ze všech Spojené státy, jejichž prezident George W. Bush už nebude v úřadu, až v roce 2009 bude třeba udělat nesnadná rozhodnutí.

Oprávněně se lze ptát, proč vůbec někdo takovou vágní dohodu považuje za nějaký pokrok. Na Konferenci Organizace spojených národů o životním prostředí a rozvoji v roce 1992 v Rio de Janeiru podepsalo 189 zemí, včetně USA, Číny, Indie a všech evropských států, Rámcovou úmluvu OSN o změně klimatu, čímž souhlasily se stabilizací skleníkových plynů „na dostatečně nízkou úroveň, která zamezí nebezpečnému antropogennímu zásahu do klimatické soustavy.“

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