Project Syndicate

The Year Ahead 2018




人们一直将马杜罗的独裁与劳尔·卡斯特罗对古巴的控制相提并论。但委内瑞拉并不属于成熟的极权统治,而是,借用德国法学理论家卡尔·施密特(Carl Schmitt)的话说,一个永远的“例外之国”(state of exception)。马杜罗利用自由选举的幻觉当烟幕弹,试图通过让所有重要机构,特别是全国选举委员会屈从于政府来剥夺委内瑞拉民主的实质。

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