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The Year Ahead 2016

全球经济的劳动力之痛

华盛顿—始于2008年美国金融危机的全球经济减速还在继续,可能创造新的时间记录。可以肯定的是,日本增长停滞、中国增长减速、俄罗斯陷入深度危机、欧元区仍难以复苏,世界经济还没有走出丛林。

这一“持久衰退”和某些世界政治冲突一样,堪称全球经济深刻变革的写照——这一变革背后是两大创新:劳动力节约型创新和劳动力连接型创新。

劳动力节约型创新早就已经存在,但其节奏有所加快。比如,全球工业机器人销量在2014年达到 225,000台,同比增长27%。但是,更具变革力量的是“劳动力连接”技术的崛起:过去三十年中的数字创新现在可以让人们在不需要移民的情况下为不同国家的雇主和企业工作。

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