中国的梦想世界

发自加利福尼亚克莱尔蒙特——几乎所有国家(不管是民主还是专制政体)的统治精英都认为漂亮的口号能鼓舞民众并使其权力合法化。当然,这其中有着关键性的差别。在实行民主制的国家,政府领导人要为其承诺负责:媒体可以仔细考究其政策,在野党会主动揭发执政党的谎言和骗局。因此,在位者常常会被迫兑现至少一部分承诺。

相比之下,独裁统治者就无需面对这样的压力。新闻审查制度、对异见的镇压以及有组织反对派的缺失使得统治者可以任意夸下海口,却无须为诺言的无法兑现承担政治后果。这就会导致政府由喊口号者组成,被喊口号者把持,并只为那些喊口号者服务。

中国在过去十年间似乎已经完善了这种政府形式。执政的中国共产党为了回应公众对社会正义日益增长的需求,已经设计了众多口号,比如“执政为民”、“构建和谐社会”、“平衡发展”及“科学发展”等等。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/Tn3IBhF/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.