John Overmyer

俄国将会拯救西方?

莫斯科——全球经济与国际政治的快速变革,使得一个永恒的话题又一次在俄罗斯被人提起,这便是俄国与欧洲以及整个“欧洲-大西洋地区”之间的关系问题。当然,俄国也部分属于这一地区;但至少迄今为止,该国既无法、也不愿全心全意地加入西方。同时,与短短几年前相比,这一选择如今看上去已经发生了很大的改变。

欧洲-大西洋世界的经济与政治模式在二十年前看上去大获成功,但它如今已稍稍落后于中国以及其他亚洲国家,这种颓势正变得日益明显。俄罗斯同样如此,尽管不乏鼓舞人心的言论(如建立在创新基础上的发展),但随着贪腐弊病被允许向着各处蔓延、加上该国愈加依赖于自然资源这一财富,如今的俄罗斯经济之现代化程度正在继续下降。的确,亚洲已证明自己才是冷战的真正胜利者。

这些崛起中的大国,为俄罗斯的地缘战略抉择带来了问题。数十年来头一回,俄国与欧盟之间的价值隔阂看起来正在加大。欧洲正在克服国家民族主义,而俄罗斯却在构建一个民族国家。为历史恩怨搅得身心俱疲、且不愿再受战争之苦的欧洲人,已经接受了妥协这种方式,并放弃了在国际关系中对武力的直接使用。

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