Приведет ли беспечность правительства к кризису киберпространства?

КЕМБРИДЖ. Когда в 2008 году разразился финансовый кризис, многие потрясенные критики задавали вопрос, почему рынки, контролирующие органы и финансовые эксперты не смогли предвидеть его наступление. Сегодня можно задать такой же вопрос относительно уязвимости глобальной экономики по отношению к кибер-атакам. Фактически, параллели, проводимые между финансовыми кризисами и угрозами обвала экономики от кибер-атак, являются убедительными.

Несмотря на то что наибольшая кибер-угроза исходит от экстремистских государств, не признающих международное право, обладающих потенциалом для разработки чрезвычайно технологически сложных компьютерных вирусов, риски могут также исходить от хакеров-анархистов и террористов, и даже от внезапного отказа компьютеров, вызванного стихийным бедствием.

Несколько экспертов по обеспечению безопасности высказали мнение о возникновении чрезвычайной ситуации, в том числе, совсем недавно об этом говорил Джонатан Эванс, руководитель Службы безопасности Великобритании (МИ5). В общем и целом, некоторые лидеры хотят подорвать значительное развитие сектора высоких технологий или Интернета, оправдывая свое желание наличием угрозы, которая является достаточно неопределенной. Вместо этого, они предпочитают создавать относительно безопасные рабочие группы или группы специалистов для решения определенной задачи.

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